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Browsing by Subject: Computer Sciences

  1. Automated Explanation for Educational Applications

    Daniel D. Suthers

    Journal of Computing in Higher Education Vol. 3, No. 1 (1991) pp. 36–61

    Artificial intelligence techniques available for generating explanations for teaching purposes are surveyed, and the way in which they are combined in a computer program that provides explanations ... More

    pp. 36-61

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  2. The Advanced Instructional Design Advisor

    Daniel J. Muraida & J Michael Spector

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 21, No. 4 (1993) pp. 239–53

    Describes the Advanced Instructional Design Advisor, an Air Force project which involves the development and testing of automated instructional design guidance for use by Air Force technical... More

    pp. 239-53

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  3. Generative Aspects of the Computer Based Educational Software System (CBESS)

    C Douglas Wetzel

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 21, No. 4 (1993) pp. 269–93

    Discussion of authoring tools for computer-based instruction (CBI) focuses on the Computer-Based Educational Software System developed for Navy training. Topics addressed include user experience... More

    pp. 269-93

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  4. Competition in Individualized CAI

    Nira Hativa

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 21, No. 5 (1993) pp. 365–400

    Examines the effects of competition and cooperation on learning through computer-assisted instruction (CAI). A questionnaire was administered to 457 Israeli fourth graders who used two CAI... More

    pp. 365-400

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  5. Plant Science Alumni Rate Their Education Based upon Entry-Level Professional Experience

    G A. Long

    Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education Vol. 21, No. 1 (1992) pp. 34–36

    The relevance of plant science curriculum at Utah State University was evaluated by students graduating in 1976 through 1986 using a modified Borich Model. Oral and written communication and... More

    pp. 34-36

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  6. The Inadequacy of Recent Research on Computer-Assisted Instruction

    David R. Keane

    Academic Medicine Vol. 66, No. 8 (1991) pp. 444–48

    A review of the literature on computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in health sciences education suggests that problems in research methodology make the research results less than helpful. Improved... More

    pp. 444-48

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  7. The Computer as Tutor: Can It Adapt to the Individual Learner?

    Nira Hativa & Alan Lesgold

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 20, No. 1 (1991) pp. 49–78

    Discussion of the use of computers for systematic individualization of instruction focuses on a study of elementary school students using computer-managed drill and practice in arithmetic in four... More

    pp. 49-78

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  8. The Sequence of Conceptual Information in Instruction and Its Effect on Retention

    Frederik J. A. Ranzijn

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 20, No. 5 (1992) pp. 405–18

    Describes two experiments in Dutch secondary schools that were carried out to study the effect of the sequencing of the information in computer-assisted instructional programs. Instructional design... More

    pp. 405-18

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  9. Supporting Hypothesis Generation by Learners Exploring an Interactive Computer Simulation

    Wouter R. van Joolingen & Ton de Jong

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 20, No. 5 (1992) pp. 389–404

    Discussion of computer simulations used for exploratory learning focuses on the design of a hypothesis scratchpad that students can use for hypothesis generation and testing. An experiment with... More

    pp. 389-404

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  10. A PC-Based Textbook for the Marine Sciences: Case Study in Global Collaboration

    Dirk Troost

    Impact of Science on Society Vol. 41, No. 4 (1991) pp. 339–51

    Discusses in detail the intricate and fascinating series of problems surrounding the production, distribution, and extended use of lessons in marine sciences that utilize remotely sensed images as ... More

    pp. 339-51

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  11. Computer-Based Information Services for Education and the Social Sciences in New Zealand: A Review of Recent Developments

    Keith Pickens

    Journal of Documentation Vol. 46, No. 2 (1990) pp. 102–12

    Describes the development of computer-based information services in New Zealand for education and the social sciences. Highlights include national systems; the influence of personal computer... More

    pp. 102-12

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  12. Assimilatory Tools for Informal Learning: Prospects in ICAI

    Philip Duchastel

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 19, No. 1 (1990) pp. 3–9

    Discussion of cognitive psychology focuses on two types of cognitive tools--power tools and assimilatory tools--which are geared to information acquisition. The distinction between accommodation... More

    pp. 3-9

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  13. The Instructional Design Environment: Technology to Support Design Problem Solving

    Peter Pirolli & Daniel M. Russell

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 19, No. 2 (1990) pp. 121–44

    Describes the Instructional Design Environment (IDE), a hypermedia system for designing and developing instructional material, including texts, interactive video disks, and intelligent tutoring... More

    pp. 121-44

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  14. Building Electronic Communities: Success and Failure in Computer Networking

    Margaret M. Riel & James A. Levin

    Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 19, No. 2 (1990) pp. 145–69

    Discussion of the use of computer networks to create electronic communities highlights a research strategy that compared educational activities conducted across electronic networks to examine... More

    pp. 145-69

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  15. A Survey of Microcomputer Use in the Humanities and Social Sciences: A U. K. University Study

    Rudy A. Hirschheim

    Education and Computing Vol. 4, No. 2 (1988) pp. 77–89

    Summarizes the methodology and results of a questionnaire survey of the use of microcomputers in university humanities departments in the United Kingdom. Highlights include faculty, staff, and... More

    pp. 77-89

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  16. Can the Teachers' Creativity Overcome Limited Computer Resources?

    Rumen Nikolov & Evgenia Sendova

    Education and Computing Vol. 4, No. 3 (1988) pp. 179–84

    Describes experiences of the Research Group on Education (RGE) at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Education in using limited computer resources when teaching informatics.... More

    pp. 179-84

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  17. Introductory Analysis in the Social Sciences Using Small-Scale Databases

    Richard Welford

    Journal of Computer Assisted Learning Vol. 5, No. 2 (1989) pp. 95–102

    Examines the use of small-scale databases for introductory economic and social science statistics in higher education. The results of a research project at Portsmouth Polytechnic that used a... More

    pp. 95-102

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  18. MEDOC: An Index for the Health Sciences

    Wayne J. Peay

    Government Information Quarterly Vol. 2, No. 2 (1985) pp. 193–205

    Describes MEDOC, an index to U.S. government documents in health sciences produced at the Eccles Health Sciences Library at the University of Utah. Both the development of the index from an in... More

    pp. 193-205

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  19. The Electronic Bulletin Board: A Computer-Driven Mass Medium

    Sheizaf Rafaeli

    Computers and the Social Sciences Vol. 2, No. 3 (1986) pp. 123–36

    Reports the results of a survey of a free university-run electronic bulletin board. Provides data on gender, age, computer experience, frequency of use, reasons for use, and type of use for 122... More

    pp. 123-36

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  20. Computers and the Historic Milieu of Health Services Libraries

    Estelle Brodman

    Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian Vol. 4, No. 4 (1985) pp. 15–20

    Discusses factors that combined to make it possible for health sciences libraries to take initiative for developing technological methods and skills needed for computer librarianship before other... More

    pp. 15-20

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