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Managing Teachers’ Barriers to ICT Integration in Singapore Schools

, National Institute of Education, Singapore ; , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Journal of Technology and Teacher Education Volume 14, Number 1, ISSN 1059-7069 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA


This article examines the strategies employed by four Singapore schools (two primary and two junior colleges) to manage barriers to information and communication technologies (ICT) integration. Based on the observations of ICT-mediated lessons and face-to-face interviews with teachers, ICT heads-of-department and school principals, six strategies are identified and discussed: (a) appointment of technical support staff, (b) appointment and training of student ICT helpers, (c) sufficient time for teachers to prepare for ICT-mediated lessons, (d) collaboration among teachers in preparing ICT-mediated lessons, (e) support provided by school leaders in addressing teachers’ ICT concerns, and (f) training, demonstrations or advice for teachers on how to incorporate ICT into classroom instruction. A further four recommendations are made by the authors to support these strategies.


Lim, C.P. & Khine, M. (2006). Managing Teachers’ Barriers to ICT Integration in Singapore Schools. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 14(1), 97-125. Chesapeake, VA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Retrieved January 20, 2019 from .


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