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Teacher Educator Perspectives on Technology Infusion: A Closer Look Using Q Methodology

, Ball State University, United States ; , National Louis University, United States ; , New Mexico State University, United States

Journal of Technology and Teacher Education Volume 29, Number 1, ISSN 1059-7069 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA


This study utilized Q methodology to examine non-educational technology teacher education faculty perspectives on the challenge of technology infusion within teacher education. We sought faculty perspectives on how technology influences learning, faculty confidence in preparing candidates to use technology, program design for technology integration, and leadership support for faculty and candidate development. Thirty-one faculty from six teacher education programs across the United States participated in the study and shared their perspectives. Different from traditional Likert scale data collection, a mixed methods Q methodology research design involved participants completing a forced sort of Q statements where they made value choices along a spectrum of “most unlike me” to “most like me,” while also providing written explanations of their rationale for the selections. Analysis revealed participants loaded on one of three factors: (1) Confident Believers, (2) Disillusioned vs. Positive Outlook (bipolar factor), and (3) Tentative and Receptive. Findings confirmed the need for intentional curriculum design, fieldwork, and assessment to prepare candidates for program-deep and program-wide technology infusion. Qualitative data provided depth to quantitative analysis, highlighting the need for enhanced program design and leadership to intentionally infuse technology throughout teacher preparation.


Clausen, J.M., Borthwick, A.C. & Rutledge, D. (2021). Teacher Educator Perspectives on Technology Infusion: A Closer Look Using Q Methodology. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 29(1), 5-43. Waynesville, NC USA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Retrieved February 1, 2023 from .