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Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Engineering Design During a Robotics Project

, West Virginia University, United States ; , Pennsylvania State University, United States ; , University of South Carolina, United States ; , The University of Georgia, United States ; , Tennessee Tech University, United States ; , Bo?aziçi University, Turkey

CITE Journal Volume 22, Number 1, ISSN 1528-5804 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA


Engineering design provides students with an authentic context to apply science and mathematics to solving problems and motivates them to learn science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subjects. Thus, teachers need to experience and become familiar with engineering design. However, little is known about how preservice teachers learn to do engineering design work. This study examined the engineering design practices of preservice teachers as they worked on a technology-enhanced design activity. The authors video-recorded a group activity in which preservice teachers designed, built, and programmed robots and then analyzed their discourse using verbal protocol analysis. The authors examined what design activities were practiced and how they were practiced and analyzed design-related conversational moves, which yielded an understanding of how preservice teachers collaboratively constructed knowledge during their engineering design process. The findings showed that preservice teachers frequently generated ideas to solve problems and evaluated their ideas. Their least frequent activities were judging the feasibility of solutions and modeling. Furthermore, they seldom disagreed with their partners after an idea was generated. Suggestions for preparing preservice teachers to incorporate engineering design into K-12 classrooms include providing engineering design opportunities, exposing preservice teachers to design examples, and creating design tasks that require the application of science and mathematics knowledge.


Yuan, J., Kim, C., Vasconcelos, L., Shin, M.Y., Gleasman, C. & Umutlu, D. (2022). Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Engineering Design During a Robotics Project. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 22(1), 74-104. Waynesville, NC USA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Retrieved June 25, 2022 from .