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ICT as a pedagogical tool in secondary schools teaching and learning: policy and practices interplays

, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium ; , Institute of Adult Education, Tanzania ; , Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Amsterdam, Netherlands Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


The paper analyses Information Communication Technology (ICT) as a pedagogical tool in secondary schools teaching and learning with a focus on ICT policy for education in Tanzania. The main objective is to provide an overview of how ICT has been applied in education as a pedagogical tool with a focus in secondary schools. By ICT, the possible consideration of media, the internet, computers and all newly innovated technologies as key ingredients in the process are on board. Moreover, for a country to achieve its vision and mission implementable sectoral wide ICT policy should in place as in secondary school ICT for basic education is a concern. The paper also discusses the private-public partnership modalities of implementing ICT policy in secondary schools. Parameters facing teachers in using ICT as a pedagogical tool such as lack of computers know-how, Internet connectivity and infrastructural facilities are keenly observed. Although there are good indicators of ICT policy implementation in secondary schools more intervention and initiatives should be carried out to have holistic integration of ICT in secondary schools teaching and learning countrywide.


Machumu, H., Rabiel, A. & Almasi, M. (2018). ICT as a pedagogical tool in secondary schools teaching and learning: policy and practices interplays. In T. Bastiaens, J. Van Braak, M. Brown, L. Cantoni, M. Castro, R. Christensen, G. Davidson-Shivers, K. DePryck, M. Ebner, M. Fominykh, C. Fulford, S. Hatzipanagos, G. Knezek, K. Kreijns, G. Marks, E. Sointu, E. Korsgaard Sorensen, J. Viteli, J. Voogt, P. Weber, E. Weippl & O. Zawacki-Richter (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia: World Conference on Educational Media and Technology (pp. 1827-1832). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved February 19, 2019 from .

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