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Beyond Beliefs: Examining Online Self-efficacy and Learner Engagement in Distance Education

, University of Minnesota, United States

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada ISBN 978-1-939797-16-2 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


The purpose of this study was to measure engagement in an online course over a semester by three groups of students with varying levels of self-efficacy with the online medium (low, moderate, or high) in order to determine whether self-reported engagement differed among the groups over time. Participants for this study consisted of 59 undergraduate learners who were enrolled in an undergraduate online course offered by a public research university in the Midwest. The study employed a survey research design to collect data at the beginning of the semester to measure self-efficacy levels with the online medium and weekly surveys throughout the semester to measure engagement (using a composite score of four rating matrix items: content/activities, media/technology, instructor/teaching presence, and classmates/social presence). Descriptive statistics are reported along with the results of the one-way between-subjects ANOVA for each week and a split-plot (mixed design) ANOVA for all weeks.


Kennedy, J. (2015). Beyond Beliefs: Examining Online Self-efficacy and Learner Engagement in Distance Education. In S. Carliner, C. Fulford & N. Ostashewski (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia 2015--World Conference on Educational Media and Technology (pp. 1971-1980). Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 21, 2019 from .


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