You are here:

Association between Preservice Teachers’ Personal Differences and Their Facebook Use: A Comparative Study in Turkey and the USA

, , Middle East Technical University, Turkey

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Tampere, Finland ISBN 978-1-939797-08-7 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


This paper reports the findings from the quantitative phase of an explanatory sequential mixed-method PhD study conducted in Turkey and the USA in order to investigate the implementability of social networking services for educational purposes. It was aimed to shed light on the nature of relationship between the use of social networking services and pre-service teachers’ personality, motivation to use Facebook, motives to use Facebook, and attitude towards using Facebook. For scaling motives, motivation, personality, Facebook use, and attitude towards using Facebook, five questionnaires which were developed and used in English were translated into Turkish. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted for extracting the constructs. Multiple linear, ordinal logistic, and binomial logistic regression analyses were conducted for data analysis. It was found that personality is not a major predictor of Facebook use. However, there have been many differences between the two countries’ pre-service teachers in terms of Facebook use.


Atabek, O. & Yildirim, S. (2014). Association between Preservice Teachers’ Personal Differences and Their Facebook Use: A Comparative Study in Turkey and the USA. In J. Viteli & M. Leikomaa (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia 2014--World Conference on Educational Media and Technology (pp. 782-791). Tampere, Finland: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved February 19, 2019 from .


View References & Citations Map


  1. Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Vinitzky, G. (2010). Social network use and personality. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(6), 1289–1295.
  2. Atabek, O. (2012). Preservice teachers’ personality, motives, motivation, and attitudes associated with the use of social network services: Facebook case. In C.D. Maddux& D. Gibson (Eds.), Research highlights in technology and teacher education 2012 (pp. 109-116). SITE.
  3. Atabek, O. (2013). An exploratory study on the use of Facebook by pre-service teachers in Turkey and the U.S.A.: A mixed method design. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. Costa, P.T. Jr, Terracciano, A. & McCrae, R.R. (2001). Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: robust and surprising findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 322–331.
  4. Dutta S., Mia, I., Geiger, T., & Herrera, E.T. (2010). How networked is the world? Insights from the networked readiness index 2009–2010. In S. Dutta & I. Mia (Eds.), The global information technology report 2001–2002: Readiness for the networked world, pp. 3-30. Geneva: World Economic Forum. Retrieved on October 3, 2010
  5. Grossman, L. (2010, Dec 15). Mark Zuckerberg-Person of the Year 2010. Time. Retrieved 09:41, December 17, 2010, from,28804,2036683_2037183_2037185,00.html.Hornaday,A.(2010).Thesocialnetwork:Auniversalstorythat'shardnottolike.WashingtonPost.Retrievedfrom,1159821/critic-review.html
  6. Kirschner, P.A. & Karpinski, A.C. (2010). Facebook® and academic performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(6), 1237-1245.
  7. Kuşdil, M.E. (2000). Value-socialisation in cultural context: A study with British and Turkish families. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Sussex at Brighton, United Kingdom.
  8. McAdams, D.P. (1992). The five-factor model in personality: A critical appraisal. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 329-361.
  9. McCrae, R.R., & John, O.P. (1992). An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 175-215.
  10. Puig, C. (2010). 'Social Network' puts story of Facebook into the big picture. USA Today. Retrieved from
  11. Ross, C., Orr, E.S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J.M., Simmering, M.G., & Orr, R.R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578-586.
  12. Sheldon, P. (2008). Student favorite: Facebook and motives for its use. Southwestern Journal of Mass Communication, 23(October), 39-54.
  13. Spitzberg, G.H. (2006). Preliminary development of a model and a measure of computer mediated communication (CMC) competence. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 11, 629–666.
  14. Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. (5th ed.). Boston, MA, USA: Pearson Educaiton Inc.
  15. Travers, P. (2010). The Social Network. Rolling Stone. Retrieved from Vom Brocke, J., Richter, D., & Riemer, K. (2009). Motives for using Social Network Sites (SNSs) – An analysis of SNS adoption among students. In Proceedings of the 22nd Bled eConference (pp. 33-49). Bled, Slovenia:

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact