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Designing Navigation Support in Hypertext Systems Based on Navigation Patterns


ISAIJLS Volume 33, Number 5, ISSN 0020-4277


In this paper, we present two studies designed to help students navigate effectively and learn from a hypertext system, CoMPASS. Our first study ("N" = 74) involved an analysis of students' navigation patterns to group them into clusters, using a "k"-means clustering technique. Based on this analysis, navigation patterns were grouped into four clusters, enabling us to understand the kinds of support that students needed. This formed the basis of our next study, in which we designed and implemented meta-navigation support to help students navigate and learn science content. Support in the form of prompts was provided to one group ("N" = 58) while a second group ("N" = 58) with no support served as the comparison group. Our results suggest that students in the support group performed better on a concept-mapping task. Based on the results we provide suggestions for providing meta-cognitive support in hypertext systems.


Puntambekar, S. & Stylianou, A. (2005). Designing Navigation Support in Hypertext Systems Based on Navigation Patterns. Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 33(5), 451-481. Retrieved January 18, 2020 from .

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