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A Computer Attitude Scale for Computer Science Freshmen and Its Educational Implications

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Journal of Computer Assisted Learning Volume 21, Number 5, ISSN 1365-2729 Publisher: Wiley


The successful integration of computers in educational environments depends, to a great extent, on students' attitudes towards them. Widely used computer attitude scales (CASs) focus on the beliefs of typical computer users and do not reveal the more refined attitudes of groups that use computers extensively and develop unique relations with them. This study presents the development and validation of a CAS especially designed for computer science freshmen (CASF). The scale consists of five factors, namely, self-confidence in previous knowledge, hardware usage anxiety, computer engagement, fears of long-lasting negative consequences of computer use and evaluation of positive consequences of computers in personal and social life. Using an analytic computer experience construct, the scale's components were related to multiple aspects of students' computer experience. CASF responses can inform a variety of instructional decisions and classroom management strategies for the first phase of the students' studies.


Palaigeorgiou, G.E., Siozos, P.D., Konstantakis, N.I. & Tsoukalas, I.A. (2005). A Computer Attitude Scale for Computer Science Freshmen and Its Educational Implications. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21(5), 330-342. Wiley. Retrieved February 20, 2020 from .

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