You are here:

Development of an instrument to measure classroom community

Internet and Higher Education Volume 5, Number 3, ISSN 1096-7516 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


The purpose of this study was to develop and field-test the Classroom Community Scale and to determine its validity and reliability for use with university students taking courses at a distance via the Internet. The 20-item Classroom Community Scale measures sense of community in a learning environment. Data were collected from 375 students enrolled in 28 different courses, offered for graduate credit via the Blackboard e-learning system by a private university. It was concluded that the Classroom Community Scale is a valid and reliable measure of classroom community and that this instrument yields two interpretable factors, connectedness and learning.


Rovai, A.P. (2002). Development of an instrument to measure classroom community. Internet and Higher Education, 5(3), 197-211. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved October 6, 2022 from .

This record was imported from Internet and Higher Education on January 29, 2019. Internet and Higher Education is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct:


Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact