Designing Satellite Instruction for Elementary Students: Importance of the Classroom Teacher
Charlotte N. Gunawardena, Constance A. Lowe, William Gregory Murrell, Rebecca H. Zittle, Frank Zittle, Patricia Boverie, University of New Mexico, United States
IJET Volume 6, Number 2, ISSN 1077-9124 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
The United States Department of Education Star Schools grant program funds innovative projects applying distance technology in education. One such grant resulting in the de-velopment of two instructional programs for elementary grades, Elementary German and Geonauts. Each of these projects featured a series of one-way video, two-way audio broadcasts and provided supplemental materials including teacher's guides, workbooks, and suggested activities. This paper reports the results of a study examining the how pro-grams are used, importance of interaction and the role of the classroom teacher. Data was gathered through mailout sur-veys and site visits. Although interaction between an on-screen teacher and distance students has long been regarded as an important advantage of live televised instruction, the result of this two-year evaluation study suggest that, for ele-mentary school students, interaction by asynchronous means may be at least as effective as interaction during broadcasts. Also, most schools use the programs in a videotape format, rather than live. These results suggest a new paradigm for us-ing distance education technology for the elementary grades.
Gunawardena, C.N., Lowe, C.A., Murrell, W.G., Zittle, R.H., Zittle, F. & Boverie, P. (2000). Designing Satellite Instruction for Elementary Students: Importance of the Classroom Teacher. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 6(2), 107-122. Charlottesville, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
© 2000 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
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Michiko Kobayashi, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2006 (Mar 19, 2006) pp. 402–407
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