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Beyond Sharing: Engaging Students in Cooperative and Competitive Active Learning

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Journal of Educational Technology & Society Volume 11, Number 3, ISSN 1176-3647 e-ISSN 1176-3647


The authors describe their design for an Internet-based learning environment called BeyondShare in which students are encouraged to gain a deep understanding of the learning material, reflect on the quality of individual constructions through sharing and peer evaluation, and synthesize cross-unit knowledge by integrating self- and peer-produced constructions. A sharing typology may consist of basic sharing, sharing with notification, sharing with feedback, or sharing with interaction. BeyondShare distinguishes itself by combining sharing activities with task structuring and cooperation/competition to achieve active learning. A formal evaluation of BeyondShare was performed with a class of 34 college students who created concept maps for a computer programming language and who were encouraged to become active learners by exchanging roles throughout the experiment. Evaluation results indicate that the students viewed BeyondShare as an easy-to-use environment that motivated them toward comprehensive knowledge integration by sharing construction products with their peers. Potential activities and suggested modifications are discussed. (Contains 4 figures and 6 tables.)


Kao, G.Y.M., Lin, S.S.J. & Sun, C.T. (2008). Beyond Sharing: Engaging Students in Cooperative and Competitive Active Learning. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 11(3), 82-96. Retrieved February 25, 2021 from .

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