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Third Generation Adaptive Hypermedia Systems

, , , Texas A&M University, United States

WebNet World Conference on the WWW and Internet, in Honolulu, Hawaii Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA


This paper examines the development of adaptive hypermedia systems and proposes
adaptive characteristics for third generation adaptive hypermedia systems. First generation adaptive
hypermedia systems predated the World-Wide Web (WWW) and were primarily single user
adaptive hypermedia systems. Second generation systems have exploited the distributed nature and
ease of authoring of the WWW to develop more robust and mature adaptive hypermedia systems.
While these systems are a dramatic improvement over first generation systems, they have several
limitations that limited the effectiveness of adaptation. These limitations include limited adaptation
through one-dimensional, stereotypical user models, coarse granularity of adaptive support, closed
adaptive hyperspaces with sharp boundaries, limited authoring support, and limited and non-constructive
communications between the user and the adaptive model. Third generation adaptive
hypermedia systems must address these shortcomings to fully exploit the potential of adaptive
hypermedia. Future systems must provide explicit, fine-grained adaptation support that the user can
easily tailor and refine to provide highly relevant multidimensional adaptation. Future adaptive
hypermedia systems must be open systems with soft boundaries that are expandable and
incorporate resources from non-adaptive hypermedia with gradual degradation of support. Finally,
adaptive systems must be relatively easy to build and maintain. This paper examines these
characteristics of future adaptive hypermedia systems and proposes a framework for development.


Hill, J.M.D., Pooch, U.W. & A. Carver Jr, C. (1999). Third Generation Adaptive Hypermedia Systems. In Proceedings of WebNet World Conference on the WWW and Internet 1999 (pp. 177-182). Honolulu, Hawaii: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 20, 2019 from .