At-Home and Away-from-Home Eating Patterns Influencing Preadolescents' Intake of Calcium-Rich Food as Perceived by Asian, Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Parents
Mary Cluskey, Miriam Edlefsen, Beth Olson, Marla Reicks, Garry Auld, Margaret A. Bock, Carol J. Boushey, Christine Bruhn, Dena Goldberg, Scottie Misner, Changzheng Wang, Sahar Zaghloul
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior Volume 40, Number 2, ISSN 1499-4046
Objective: To explore at-home and away-from-home eating patterns influencing Asian, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white preadolescents' intake of calcium-rich food from a parental perspective. Design: Individual semistructured interviews. Setting: Home or community site. Participants: Convenience sample (n = 201) of self-reported Asian (n = 54), Hispanic (n=57), and non-Hispanic white (n = 90) parents of 10- to 13-year-old children recruited from community youth programs. Phenomenon of Interest: Description of at-home and away-from-home family eating patterns. Analysis: NVivo software to code and sort transcript segments, qualitative data analysis procedures. Results: Participants from all groups shared common at-home and away-from-home meal patterns. A lack of time often resulted in negative factors that impacted intake of calcium-rich food and beverages including breakfast on the run, fewer home-prepared or shared family meals, and more frequent meals eaten away from home. Asian and Hispanic parents indicated eating out less frequently than non-Hispanic white parents. Parents from all groups lacked expectations for their child to drink calcium-rich beverages with meals. Conclusions and Implications: Practical strategies are needed to facilitate intake of calcium-rich food and beverages through more frequent family meals at home and parental expectations for children's intake of calcium-rich beverages with meals.
Cluskey, M., Edlefsen, M., Olson, B., Reicks, M., Auld, G., Bock, M.A., Boushey, C.J., Bruhn, C., Goldberg, D., Misner, S., Wang, C. & Zaghloul, S. (2008). At-Home and Away-from-Home Eating Patterns Influencing Preadolescents' Intake of Calcium-Rich Food as Perceived by Asian, Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Parents. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40(2), 72-79.