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An Analysis of the Integration of Instructional Technology in Pre-Service Teacher Education in Zimbabwe ARTICLE


Educational Technology Research and Development Volume 57, Number 6, ISSN 1042-1629


In the context of continuous innovations in information and communication technology (ICT) and its impact on higher education, this study explored the integration of instructional technology (IT) by university lecturers in pre-service secondary school teacher education programs in Zimbabwe. Specifically, the study examined how lecturers integrate IT into their instruction, and the constraints they face. Twenty-one lecturers in the colleges of education at three universities participated. The data collection methods used are questionnaires, interviews and analysis of documents. Analysis of data was inductive, employing Miles and Huberman's interactive data analysis model. Findings show that lecturers' computer proficiency and competencies were at the basic level in Internet usage, with little confidence shown in basic productivity software skills and in IT integration tasks and processes. The lecturers' integration of IT was at the Entry and Adoption stages. Institutional support was characterized by poor availability and access to appropriate technological tools by both lecturers and students, and in the context of a hyper-inflationary operating environment, constraints ranged from lack of institutional funding, to the absence of an IT integration policy framework, and the lack of appropriate initial and continuous staff development. This study is part of the nucleus of instructional technology research in the Zimbabwean context. It is hoped that insights gleaned will influence policy, practice and future research. From a global perspective, this study will add to the limited knowledge and literature on instructional technology integration in “developing” and/or low-income countries like Zimbabwe.


Chitiyo, R. & Harmon, S.W. (2009). An Analysis of the Integration of Instructional Technology in Pre-Service Teacher Education in Zimbabwe. Educational Technology Research and Development, 57(6), 807-830. Retrieved March 25, 2018 from .

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