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What Happens when Accountability Meets Technology Integration


TLRPTIL Volume 48, Number 3, ISSN 8756-3894


The "No Child Left Behind Act" continues to provide a centerpiece for educational discussions. This federal policy has been the object of praise and criticism and has brought standards-based reform into focus for the nation. In this paper the authors discuss the ways that standards-based reforms may be at odds with efforts to increase technology integration in K-12 schools. They recognize and value the important role that standards can play in bringing focus to a diffuse curriculum. Their reservations with regard to standards-based reform lie primarily in the de facto hierarchy that has been created when large-scale tests are used to measure only a portion of the knowledge, skills and understandings that the standards represent. The authors outline how accountability has brought about a shift in curricular focus, discuss several tensions between this shift and effective technology integration, and conclude with suggestions about how the tensions can be resolved and ideas for further research. (Contains 2 figures.)


Keller, J.B. & Bichelmeyer, B.A. (2004). What Happens when Accountability Meets Technology Integration. TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 48(3), 17-24. Retrieved August 6, 2020 from .

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