An Online Peer Assisted Learning Community Model and its Application in ZJNU
International Educational Technology Conference,
Peer coaching, or peer assisting, was established in 1970s by Joyce and Showers. Initially used in teachers' professional development, it refers to a process that two or more teacher peers evaluate current practice mutually; expand skills, extract and build new skills; share ideas, and review & solve problems of classroom teaching in a way of cooperative learning (Slater C.L& Simmons, D.L, 2001). Peer coaching is increasingly widely applied to school-based teacher development. Meanwhile, peer coaching as a learning model of mutual growth has also been applied in other fields with theoretical research and practice deep going. The concept of peer has been popularized to social groups with equal or similar identifications and grades, which come from the same or similar backgrounds and pursue the same or similar objectives. In learning field, peer coaching is significant for it generated peer assisted learning. Peer assisted learning refers to acquiring knowledge and skills via peers' assistance and support, including peer tutoring, peer modeling, peer education, peer counseling, peer monitoring and peer assessment(Topping, K & Ehly,1998). It is acceptable to believe that peer assisted learning reflects peer coaching. While in this article, learning models, in which knowledge construction is supported by peers and knowledge innovation of individuals and organizations is promoted, are generally called peer assisted learning model. In recent years, due to the rapid development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), peer assisted learning integrated with the advantages of fast information transmission in network, namely web-based peer assisted learning or online peer assisted learning, has been applied to classroom teaching in primary and secondary schools of China and other countries. This article aims to discuss peer assisted learning and construction of peer assisted learning community, has peer coaching integrated with Web-based learning setting to enhanceonline learning. (Contains 2 figures.)
Gaofeng, R. & Yeyu, L. (2007). An Online Peer Assisted Learning Community Model and its Application in ZJNU. Presented at International Educational Technology Conference 2007.