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The Roles of Extrinsic Factors in a Community of Inquiry Model of E-Learning


E-Learning and Digital Media Volume 8, Number 1, ISSN 2042-7530


Despite its proliferation in higher learning institutions, e-learning has been criticised as being nothing more than trivial online conversations, or a mere means of delivering class materials electronically. If e-learning is to address such criticisms and become an effective pedagogical platform, educators need to identify elements critical to the success of e-learning. A well-known framework for studying e-learning as a pedagogical platform is the community of inquiry (COI) model. In this study, the authors develop a conceptual COI model to propose that while satisfactory e-learning experience stems from the interactions among three presences–social, cognitive, and teaching–the relative influences of the presences on e-learning experience are moderated by five extrinsic factors: content richness, perceived ease of use of e-learning platform, type of curriculum, teaching orientation, and participant age. They argue that this extended and more comprehensive COI framework would help educators better understand e-learning's use as an effective pedagogical platform. (Contains 2 figures.)


Lee, R. & Faulkner, M. (2011). The Roles of Extrinsic Factors in a Community of Inquiry Model of E-Learning. E-Learning and Digital Media, 8(1), 58-67. Retrieved March 26, 2019 from .

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