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Perspective-Taking in Structured and Unstructured Online Discussions


IJTLHE Volume 22, Number 1, ISSN 1812-9129


This study analyzes the extent to which students using web-based discussion boards show an increase in perspective-taking in structured and unstructured discussions. Messages from fifty-six students enrolled in one of two courses were content analyzed using Jarvela and Hakkinen's (2003) expansion of Selman's (1980) perspective-taking coding scheme. There was a significant difference in the level of perspective-taking shown across the three periods of the semester. The level of perspective-taking in structured discussions was significantly correlated with learning. Class leaders showed higher levels of perspective-taking than did other students in the class. The results suggest a relationship between use of higher order perspective-taking and learning, particularly when instructors provide structure for student discussions. (Contains 4 tables.)


Chadwick, S. & Ralston, E. (2010). Perspective-Taking in Structured and Unstructured Online Discussions. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 22(1), 1-11. Retrieved December 6, 2022 from .

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