You are here:

Supporting Students in Supplemental Online Learning for Credit Recovery

, Columbia County Special Services, United States ; , iNACOL, United States ; , Georgia Southern University, United States

Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States ISBN 978-1-939797-02-5 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA


This phenomenological study was conducted to understand the perceptions of multiple stakeholders who work closely with high school students who are taking part in supplemental online learning for credit recovery. A single case study design using purposive sampling was used. The results are from the instructional support including content teacher monitors (two) and graduation coaches (four). One of the major findings was that a relationship with a trusted staff member was key in at-risk students’ success in online learning for credit recovery. This affective part of supporting at-risk students cannot be minimized or ignored. This finding has major implications for the changing roles of education professionals and consequently teacher education programs.


Pettyjohn, T., Kennedy, K. & LaFrance, J. (2013). Supporting Students in Supplemental Online Learning for Credit Recovery. In R. McBride & M. Searson (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2013--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 4141-4146). New Orleans, Louisiana, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved January 16, 2019 from .

View References & Citations Map


  1. Archambault, L., Diamond, D., Coffey, M., Foures-Aalbu, D., Richardson, J., Zygouris-Coe, V., Brown, R., & Cavanaugh, C. (2010). Research committee issues brief: An exploration of at-risk learners and online education. International Association for K-12 Online learning. Retrieved from http:
  2. Ash, K. (2011). At-risk students’ virtual challenges. Education Week Special Report. S16-17.
  3. Cavanaugh, C.S., Barbour, M.K., & Clark, T. (2009). Research and practice in K-12 online learning: A review of open access literature. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(1), 1-13.
  4. Christle, C.A., Jolivette, K., & Nelson, C.M. (2007). School characteristics related to high school dropout rates. Remedial and Special Education, 28(6), 325-339.
  5. Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry& Research design: Choosing among five approaches. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  6. Ferdig, R.E. (2010). Understanding the role and applicability of K-12 online learning to support student dropout credit recovery efforts. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual University.
  7. Glesne, C. (2006). Becoming qualitative researchers: An introduction. (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson.
  8. Hatch, J.A. (2002). Doing qualitative research in education settings. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  9. Holstead, M.S., Spradlin, T.E., & Plucker, J.A. (2008). Promises and pitfalls of virtual education in the United States and Indiana. Center for Evaluation& Education Policy, 6(6), 1-19.
  10. Kennedy, K., & Archambault, L. (2012). Offering pre-service teachers field experiences in K-12 online learning: A national survey of teacher education programs. Journal of Teacher Education, 63(3), 185-200.
  11. Lowes, S. (2007). Professional development for online teacher. In C. Cavanaugh& R. Blomeyer, (Eds.), What works in K-12 online learning (pp. 161-178). Washington, DC: International Society for Technology in Education.
  12. Rice, K.L. (2009). Priorities in K-12 distance education: A Delphi study examining multiple perspectives on policy, practice, and research. Educational Technology& Society, 12(3), 163-177.
  13. Rice, K.L. (2006). A comprehensive look at distance education in the K-12 context. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 38(4), 425-448.
  14. Schaeffer, C.E., & Konetes, G.D. (2010). Impact of learning engagement on attrition rates and student success in online learning. Retrieved from http:www.//
  15. Seidman, I. (2006). Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education and the social sciences. (3rd ed.). NY: Teachers College Press.
  16. Watson, J. (2007). A national primer on K-12 online learning. North American Council for Online Learning.
  17. Watson, J., Murin, A., Vashaw, L., Gemin, B., & Rapp, C. (2012). Keeping pace with K-12 online learning: An annual review of policy and practice. Evergreen, CO: Evergreen Education Group.
  18. Yin, R.K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Los Angeles: Sage Publications.-4146 DASHDASH

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact