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Wizard-of-Oz-Driven Bootstrapping of a Socially Intelligent Tutoring Strategy

, , Slovak University of Technology, Slovakia (Slovak Republic)

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Lisbon, Portugal ISBN 978-1-880094-89-1 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


This research investigates ways to bootstrap a socially intelligent tutoring agent using a Wizard-of-Oz design in which human teachers work as wizards. Students work in an interactive learning environment featuring problem solving and course notes activities, in either individual or group mode. They interact with the agent during off-task dialogs. This paper explores the effort needed on the part of classroom teachers in order to bootstrap an automated agent that can execute near-optimal tutoring actions within the environment. The proposed bootstrapping method can detect peers who will be able to interact well socially. It can balance individual and social activities for students. Consequently, an automated tutor assisted by classroom teachers, rather than costly expert modeling, can be deployed in interactive learning environments in order to supplement and add to the attention a teacher is able to give students.


Tvarožek, J. & Bieliková, M. (2011). Wizard-of-Oz-Driven Bootstrapping of a Socially Intelligent Tutoring Strategy. In T. Bastiaens & M. Ebner (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2011--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 3635-3644). Lisbon, Portugal: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved February 22, 2019 from .


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