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Does teachers’ morale affect their job performance? PROCEEDINGS

, , , Open University Malaysia, Malaysia

Global Learn, in Melbourne, Australia ISBN 978-1-880094-85-3 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)


The purpose of this paper is to explore the interrelationships between morale and job performance of secondary school teachers. This is a questionnaire survey involving secondary school teachers from four schools in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. A total number of 92 respondents were involved in this study. The findings showed that all the five factors: leadership, belongingness, environment, personal development and collegiality contributed significantly to teachers’ morale. The working environment was rated as the most important factor among the five. The structural equation modelling indicates that the ‘environment’, ‘personal development’ and ‘collegiality’ factors affect the feeling of ‘personal reward’ of the teachers while ‘leadership’, ‘belongingness’, ‘environment’ and ‘personal development’ influenced their ‘cohesive pride’. It was also found that only the ‘leadership’ factor had a direct impact on ‘job performance’. The other morale determinants affect the ‘job performance’ of the teachers indirectly either by affecting ‘personal reward’ or ‘cohesive pride’.


Lee, N., Fadzil, M. & Ali, A. (2011). Does teachers’ morale affect their job performance?. In S. Barton, J. Hedberg & K. Suzuki (Eds.), Proceedings of Global Learn Asia Pacific 2011--Global Conference on Learning and Technology (pp. 460-469). Melbourne, Australia: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved January 16, 2018 from .