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An Initial Framework for the Design of an Emotionally Responsive Animated Pedagogical Agent

, , Old Dominion University, United States

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Toronto, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-81-5 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


Animated pedagogical agents as virtual actors in instructional environments can increase interaction with appropriate levels of functionality and character building qualities yet research to date has been incomplete and inadequate. This paper presents a framework for manipulating the appearance of emotion in animated pedagogical agents while integrating measures of perceived emotion and visual attention from the learner. The framework includes reference to the importance of emotion in instructional environments, the theories of emotion in humans, and research on facial expression of emotion in humans. The paper also addresses the possibility of designing an adaptive affective interaction between the animated agent and the learner through the use of the Noldus Face Reader®.


Romero, E. & Watson, G. (2010). An Initial Framework for the Design of an Emotionally Responsive Animated Pedagogical Agent. In J. Herrington & C. Montgomerie (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2010--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 2993-2997). Toronto, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved December 17, 2018 from .

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