EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Toronto, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-81-5 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC
Animated pedagogical agents as virtual actors in instructional environments can increase interaction with appropriate levels of functionality and character building qualities yet research to date has been incomplete and inadequate. This paper presents a framework for manipulating the appearance of emotion in animated pedagogical agents while integrating measures of perceived emotion and visual attention from the learner. The framework includes reference to the importance of emotion in instructional environments, the theories of emotion in humans, and research on facial expression of emotion in humans. The paper also addresses the possibility of designing an adaptive affective interaction between the animated agent and the learner through the use of the Noldus Face Reader®.
Romero, E. & Watson, G. (2010). An Initial Framework for the Design of an Emotionally Responsive Animated Pedagogical Agent. In J. Herrington & C. Montgomerie (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2010--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 2993-2997). Toronto, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved December 17, 2018 from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/35069/.
© 2010 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
- Bates, J. (1994). The role of emotions in believable agents. Communications of the ACM, 37(7), 122-125.
- Craig, S.D., Gholson, B. & Driscoll, D.M. (2002). Animated pedagogical agents in multimedia educational environments: Effects of agent properties, picture features, and redundancy. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94 (2), 428-434.
- Ekman, P. And Friesen, W.V. (2003). Unmasking the face: A guide to recognizing emotions from facial expressions. Cambridge, MA: Malor Books.
- Heckman, C.E. & Wobbrock, J.O. (2000). Put your best face forward: Anthropomorphic agents, e-commerce, ecommerce consumers, and the law. Proceedings 4th International Conference on Autonomous Agents.
- Johnson, L., Shaw, E. & Ganeshan, R. (1998). Pedagogical Agent on the Web. Available: http://www.isi.edu/isd/ADE/papers/its98/ITS98-WW.htm
- Johnson, W.L., Rickel, J.W. & Lester, J.C. (2000). Animated pedagogical agents: Face-to-face interaction in interactive learning environments. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 11, 47-78.
- Laurel, B. (1990). Interface agents: Metaphors with character. In B. Laurel (Ed.), The art of human-computer interface design (pp. 355-365). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
- Leventhal, H. (1977). A Perceptual-Motor Processing Model of Emotion, in Perception of Emotions in Self and Others, vol. 5, P. Pliner, K.R. Blankstein and I.M. Spinel, Ed. New York: Plenum.
- Picard, R.W. (1997). Affective Computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.-2997 DASHDASH
These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.