Perspectives on E-Learning: Development and Challenges of K-12 Online Learning
Michael Barbour, Wayne State University, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in San Diego, CA, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-78-5 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
Distance education has been around for well over a century. Unknown to many, educators in the K-12 environment have been using distance education for almost as long. The same is true of e-learning, as K-12 educators have been utilizing e-learning for almost as long as educators in the post-secondary environment. The organization of these e-learning opportunities into virtual or cyber schools began around the mid-1990s in North America. However, the literature and research in K-12 e-learning or K-12 online learning has not kept pace. Primarily focused on practitioner reports or addressing the concerns about the ability of online learning to provide the same quality of education (Cavanaugh, Barbour & Clark, 2009), the amount of data-driven research into the design and delivery – as well as how best to support – K-12 online learning has been lacking. This paper focuses on the development of these K-12 online learning programs and discusses some of the challenges faced by researchers.
Barbour, M. (2010). Perspectives on E-Learning: Development and Challenges of K-12 Online Learning. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2010--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 310-315). San Diego, CA, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 26, 2019 from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/33355/.
- Barbour, M.K. (2007). Principles of effective web-based content for secondary school students: Teacher and developer perceptions. Journal of Distance Education, 21(3), 93-114.
- Barbour, M.K., & Cooze, M. (2004). All for one and one for all: Designing web-based courses for students based upon individual learning styles. Staff and Educational Development International, 8(2/3), 95-108.
- Barbour, M.K., & Mulcahy, D. (2004). The role of mediating teachers in Newfoundland ’ s new model of distance education. The Morning Watch, 32(1). Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/fall4/barbourmulcahy.htm
- Barbour, M.K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Beyond volunteerism and good will: Examining the commitment of schoolbased teachers to distance education. In the Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (779-784). Norfolk, VA: AACE.
- Barbour, M.K., & Reeves, T.C. (2009). The reality of virtual schools: A review of the literature. Computers and Education, 52(2), 402 – 416.
- Barbour, M.K., & Unger, K. (2009). Challenging teachers’ preconceptions, misconceptions, and concerns of virtual schooling. In the Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (785-790). Norfolk, VA: AACE.
- Brown, J., Sheppard, B., & Stevens, K. (2000). Effective schooling in a telelearning environment. St. John’ s, NL: Centre for TeleLearning and Rural Education. Retrieved from http://web.archive.org/web/20041027051254/http://www.tellearn.mun.ca/es_report/index.html
- Cavanaugh, C., Barbour, M.K., & Clark, T. (2009). Research and practice in K-12 online learning: A review of literature. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/607
- Clark, T. (2001). Virtual schools: Trends and issues—A study of virtual schools in the United States. San Francisco, CA: Western Regional Educational Laboratories. Retrieved from http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/virtualschools.pdf
- Cooze, M., & Barbour, M.K. (2007). Learning styles: A focus upon e-learning practices and pedagogy and their implications for successful instructional design. Journal of Applied Educational Technology, 4(1). Retrieved from http://www.eduquery.com/jaet/JAET4-1_Cooze.pdf
- Dallas, J. (1999). Distance education for kindergarten to grade 12: A Canadian perspective. Presentation at the PanCommonwealth Forum, Brunei.
- Davis, N.E. (2007, November). Teacher education for virtual schools. A presentation at annual Virtual School Symposium, Louisville, KY.
- Davis, N., Demiraslan, Y., & Wortmann, K. (2007, October). Preparing to support online learning in K-12. A presentation at the Iowa Educational Technology conference, Des Moines, IA.
- Davis, N, Niederhauser, D., Compton, L, Lindstrom, D. & Schoeny, Z. (2005). Virtual schooling lab practice: Case studies for teacher preparation. In the Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (342-345). Norfolk, VA: AACE.
- Davis, N.E., Roblyer, M.D., Charania, A., Ferdig R., Harms, C., Compton, L.K.L., & Cho, M.O. (2007). Illustrating the“ virtual” in virtual schooling: Challenges and strategies for creating real tools to prepare virtual teachers. The Internet and Higher Education, 10(1), 27-39.
- DiPietro, M., Ferdig, R.E., Black, E.W. & Preston, M. (2008). Best practices in teaching K-12 online: Lessons learned from Michigan Virtual School teachers. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 7(1). Retrieved from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/getfile.cfm?volID=7 & IssueID=22 & ArticleID=113
- Elbaum, B., McIntyre, C., & Smith, A. (2002). Essential elements: Prepare, design, and teach your online course. Madison, WI, Atwood Publishing.
- Espinoza, C., Dove, T., Zucker, A., & Kozma, R. (1999). An evaluation of the Virtual High School after two years
- Murphy, E. & Rodríguez-Manzanares, M. (2007, September). Deviations from the script: An Activity Theory
- Picciano, A.G., & Seaman, J. (2009). K-12 online learning: A 2008 follow-up of the survey of U.S. School district
- Rice, K.L. (2006). A comprehensive look at distance education in the K-12 context. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 38(4), 425-448.
- Roblyer, M.D., Freeman, J., Stabler, M., & Schneidmiller, J. (2007). External evaluation of the Alabama ACCESS initiative: Phase 3 report. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education. Retrieved from http://accessdl.state.al.us/2006Evaluation.pdf
- Watson, J.F., Gemin, B., Ryan, J., & Wicks, M. (2009). Keeping pace with K–12 online learning: A review of statelevel policy and practice. Naperville, IL: Learning Point Associates.
- Yamashiro, K., & Zucker, A. (1999). An expert panel review of the quality of Virtual High School courses: Final report. Arlington, VA: SRI International.
- Zucker, A., & Kozma, R. (2003). The Virtual High School: Teaching generation V. New York: Teachers College Press.-315 DASHDASH
These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Relationship between Online K-12 Teacher-Student Instructional Interaction and Student Achievement
Tina Chargois, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, United States
E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2013 (Oct 21, 2013) pp. 625–630
These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact email@example.com.