Development of social presence scale PROCEEDINGS
JungJoo Kim, Korea university, Korea (South)
E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Vancouver, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-76-1 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
This paper is examine the construct of social presence and develop the scale to measure social presence in distance higher education setting. Both exploratory and confirmatory analyses were used to verify validity and reliability through many different kinds. The findings showed that social presence is constituted of 4 factors such as mutual attention and support, affective connectedness, sense of community and open communication. Moreover the scale with 19 items was generated as a result
Kim, J. (2009). Development of social presence scale. In T. Bastiaens, J. Dron & C. Xin (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn 2009--World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 446-451). Vancouver, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved August 19, 2017 from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/32498/.
© 2009 AACE
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