A meta-analysis of media literacy interventions for deviant behaviors
Xiaochun Xie, Xiaosong Gai, School of Psychology, China ; Yong Zhou, School of Journalism and Communication, China
Computers & Education Volume 139, Number 1, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
The present meta-analysis tested the effects of media literacy interventions on deviant behaviors, such as alcohol, smoking, body dissatisfaction, and eating disorders. A thorough literature search yielded a sample of 23 studies with 71 effect sizes. Results indicated that media literacy interventions showed a moderate effect size on reducing deviant behaviors. At posttest, Cohen's d = −0.32, 95% "CI" = [-0.43, −0.21]; at follow-up test, d = −0.23, 95% "CI" = [-0.31, −0.16]. There was no difference between the posttest and follow-up test. The present meta-analysis illustrates that media literacy interventions decrease deviant behaviors, and media literacy education is necessary for the positive development of children and adolescents.
Xie, X., Gai, X. & Zhou, Y. (2019). A meta-analysis of media literacy interventions for deviant behaviors. Computers & Education, 139(1), 146-156. Elsevier Ltd.