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The Process of Change from Chairs to Departments at Spanish Universities
ARTICLE

Español/Spanish El tránsito de cátedras a departamentos en la universidad española

NAERJ Volume 8, Number 1, ISSN 2254-7339 Publisher: University of Alicante

Abstract

The transformation of the model of university organization, with the passage of the traditional system of chairs to departmental, began in Spain in the mid-sixties. The educational policy of the regime, taking as reference foreign models such as the German or Anglo- Saxon, introduces via regulations, which are not real and operative, the bases of the new model through the Law of July 17, 1965 on the structure of university faculties and their teaching staff. This article analyses and discusses that initial process of gestation and insertion of the department as a new structure of the hierarchical-administrative organization of the institution, taking the University of Salamanca as an excellent illustration of this case study. For this, the historical method and unpublished printed sources are used – minutes of the Council of Rectors, of Faculty Meetings, correspondence, etc. – as well as legislative sources, which provide us with the basic normative frame of reference. All this allows us to review the main legal milestones and some of the most relevant events that take place prior and subsequent approval of the departmental system, issues that will reveal motivations, points of view and tensions generated among the body of professors before the loss of chairs turned into authentic bastions.

Español/Spanish:

La transformación del modelo de organización universitaria, con el paso del tradicional sistema de cátedras al departamental, se inicia en España a mediados de los sesenta. La política educativa del régimen, tomando como referencia modelos foráneos como el alemán o anglosajón, introduce vía normativa, que no real y operativa, las bases del nuevo modelo mediante la Ley de 17 de julio de 1965 sobre estructura de las facultades universitarias y su profesorado. En este artículo se analiza y discute ese inicial proceso de gestación e inserción del departamento como nueva estructura de la organización jerárquico-administrativa de la institución, tomando como caso de estudio particular el de la Universidad de Salamanca. Para ello, se emplea el método histórico y se recurre a fuentes impresas inéditas –actas del Consejo de Rectores, de Juntas de Facultad, correspondencia, etc.– así como a fuentes legislativas, que nos proporcionan el marco normativo básico de referencia. Todo ello nos permite realizar un repaso por los principales hitos legales y por algunos de los acontecimientos más relevantes que se producen previa y posterior aprobación del sistema departamental, cuestiones que irán revelando motivaciones, puntos de vista y tensiones generadas entre el cuerpo de catedráticos ante la pérdida de unas cátedras convertidas en auténticos bastiones.

Citation

González, S. (2019). The Process of Change from Chairs to Departments at Spanish Universities. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research (NAER Journal), 8(1), 66-72. University of Alicante. Retrieved September 18, 2020 from .

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