Cultivating healing by implementing restorative practices for youth: Protocol for a cluster randomized trial
Amy E. Green, Department of Psychiatry, United States ; Cathleen E. Willging, Kim Zamarin, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, United States ; Layla M. Dehaiman, School of Education, United States ; Patricio Ruiloba, United States
International Journal of Educational Research Volume 93, Number 1, ISSN 0883-0355 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Restorative practices, non-punitive approaches to discipline focused on developing relationships and healing harm, have emerged as an alternative to exclusionary disciplinary actions, such as suspensions and expulsions. Despite widespread interest in restorative practices, there is little empirical research regarding their effectiveness. This cluster randomized controlled trial of 12 culturally-diverse U.S. middle schools will examine whether using restorative practices with a multi-faceted implementation strategy (a) reduces negative outcomes, including expulsions, suspensions, truancy, and bullying and (b) improves positive outcomes related to grade-point-average, sense of safety, and teacher support. Secondary goals are to identify factors associated with implementation success and conduct a cost-benefit analysis examining return on investment from societal and government perspectives. A mixed-methods research design is employed to address study aims.
Green, A.E., Willging, C.E., Zamarin, K., Dehaiman, L.M. & Ruiloba, P. (2019). Cultivating healing by implementing restorative practices for youth: Protocol for a cluster randomized trial. International Journal of Educational Research, 93(1), 168-176. Elsevier Ltd.