The effect of public and private competition on high school outputs in New York State
Economics of Education Review Volume 23, Number 5, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
An extensive data set on upstate New York school district is used to test whether competition from private schools and competition within the public school sector positively affect public school output and again whether different types of expenditures affect output differently. It finds generally significant positive effects of private competition for some measures of school output, but little if any on measures such as the percent of students receiving high quality statewide Regents diplomas. It also finds that private school competition could reduce spending in the non-instructional categories, while competition from other public schools might encourage it.
Greene, K.V. & Kang, B.G. (2004). The effect of public and private competition on high school outputs in New York State. Economics of Education Review, 23(5), 497-506. Elsevier Ltd.