Disability and returns to education in a developing country
Kamal Lamichhane, JICA Research Institute, Japan International Cooperation Agency and Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Japan ; Yasuyuki Sawada, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Economics of Education Review Volume 37, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In this paper, we estimate wage returns to investment in education for persons with disabilities in Nepal, using information on the timing of being impaired during school-age years as identifying instrumental variables for years of schooling. We employ unique data collected from persons with hearing, physical, and visual impairments as well as nationally representative survey data from the Nepal Living Standard Survey 2003/2004 (NLSS II). After controlling for endogeneity bias arising from schooling decisions as well as sample selection bias due to endogenous labor participation, the estimated rate of returns to education is very high among persons with disabilities, ranging from 19.3 to 25.6%. The coexistence of these high returns to education and limited years of schooling suggest that supply side constraints in education to accommodate persons with disabilities and/or there are credit market imperfections. Policies to eliminate these barriers will mitigate poverty among persons with disabilities, the largest minority group in the world.
Lamichhane, K. & Sawada, Y. (2013). Disability and returns to education in a developing country. Economics of Education Review, 37(1), 85-94. Elsevier Ltd.