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Are boys discriminated in Swedish high schools?

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Economics of Education Review Volume 30, Number 4, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


Girls typically have higher grades than boys in school and recent research suggests that part of this gender difference may be due to discrimination of boys in grading. We rigorously test this in a field experiment where a random sample of the same tests in the Swedish language is subject to blind and non-blind grading. The non-blind test score is on average 15% lower for boys than for girls. Blind grading lowers the average grades with 13%, indicating that personal ties and/or grade inflation are important in non-blind grading. But we find no evidence of discrimination against boys in grading. The point estimate of the discrimination effect is close to zero with a 95% confidence interval of ±4.5% of the average non-blind grade.


Hinnerich, B.T., Höglin, E. & Johannesson, M. (2011). Are boys discriminated in Swedish high schools?. Economics of Education Review, 30(4), 682-690. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved February 27, 2021 from .

This record was imported from Economics of Education Review on March 1, 2019. Economics of Education Review is a publication of Elsevier.

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