Public for private: the relationship between public and private school enrollment in the Philippines
Economics of Education Review Volume 20, Number 4 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
To overcome market failures due to externalities or lack of an effective credit market, countries often try to improve access to education by providing more public school places. However, if there is already an active private sector, then some of the public expansion may draw away students who may have gone to school anyway. This would attenuate any efficiency gains. This paper estimates this crowding-out effect for the Philippines, a country with a large private education sector. Using regional data over the past 10 years, we estimate that the large expansion in the public secondary education sector is negatively associated with private secondary enrollment. The range of the response is around four or five fewer private school students for an increase of 10 public school students. On the other hand, the crowding-out effect is insignificant at the primary and tertiary levels.
Jimenez, E. & Sawada, Y. Public for private: the relationship between public and private school enrollment in the Philippines. Economics of Education Review, 20(4), 389-399. Elsevier Ltd.
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Lidia Santana Vega, Departamento de Didctica e Investigacin Educativa, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain; Olga Gonzlez-Morales, Departamento de Economa Aplicada y Mtodos Cuantitativos, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain; Luis Feliciano Garca, Departamento de Didctica e Investigacin Educativa, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain
Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research (NAER Journal) Vol. 5, No. 2 (Jul 15, 2016) pp. 123–129
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