The effects of education quality on income growth and mortality decline
Economics of Education Review Volume 26, Number 6 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Previous work shows that higher levels of education quality (as measured by international student achievement tests) increase growth rates of national income. This paper begins by confirming those findings in an analysis involving more countries over more time with additional controls. We then use the panel structure of our data to assess whether the mechanism by which education quality appears to improve per capita income levels is through shifting the level of the production function (probably not), through increasing the impact of an additional year of education (probably not), or through increasing a country's rate of technological progress (very likely). Mortality rates complement income levels as indicators of national well-being, and we extend our panel models to show that improved education quality increases the rate of decline in infant mortality. In the analysis of growth, we find a stronger impact of education quality and of years of schooling in open than in closed economies.
Jamison, E.A., Jamison, D.T. & Hanushek, E.A. The effects of education quality on income growth and mortality decline. Economics of Education Review, 26(6), 771-788. Elsevier Ltd.