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Redefining the learning companion: the past, present, and future of educational agents

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Computers & Education Volume 40, Number 3, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


The development of intelligent tutoring systems has long been the focus of applying artificial intelligence and cognitive science in education. A new breed of intelligent learning environments called learning companion systems was developed over a decade ago. In contrast to an intelligent tutoring system, in which a computer mimics an intelligent tutor, the learning companion system assumes two roles, one as an intelligent tutor and another as a learning companion. Motivated by recent interest in agent research and other technologies, this learning companion field has received increasing attention. This study addresses issues that arise from different perspectives on this research effort. With a view to future networked learning environments, the learning companion is redefined for application to a wide spectrum of educational agent research. Accordingly, several subjects that relate to educational agents, and hence learning companions, are identified.


Chou, C.Y., Chan, T.W. & Lin, C.J. (2003). Redefining the learning companion: the past, present, and future of educational agents. Computers & Education, 40(3), 255-269. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved March 29, 2023 from .

This record was imported from Computers & Education on February 1, 2019. Computers & Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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