We all reflect, but why? A systematic review of the purposes of reflection in higher education in social and behavioral sciences
Laura Van Beveren, Department of Educational Studies, Belgium ; Griet Roets, Department of Social Work and Social Pedagogy, Belgium ; Ann Buysse, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Belgium ; Kris Rutten, Department of Educational Studies, Belgium
Educational Research Review Volume 24, Number 1, ISSN 1747-938X Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Reflection has gained increasing attention in theory, practice and education in social and behavioral sciences. In this study, we systematically review empirical research on the concept of reflection within educational contexts in social work, psychology and teacher education to discern trends regarding the educational purposes attributed to reflection. Based on an inductive analysis of 42 relevant studies, we found that reflection is attributed diverse -and sometimes opposing-educational purposes. Furthermore, we distinguished three dimensions to which these purposes are primarily related: a personal, interpersonal and socio-structural dimension. Our findings illustrate both a conceptual and an empirical complexity and openness of reflection as an educational notion. Based on these results, we argue for the explicit articulation of the value and theoretical bases underpinning one's conceptualization of reflection when it is operationalized both in research and in practice.
Van Beveren, L., Roets, G., Buysse, A. & Rutten, K. (2018). We all reflect, but why? A systematic review of the purposes of reflection in higher education in social and behavioral sciences. Educational Research Review, 24(1), 1-9. Elsevier Ltd.