Elementary teachers' use and perception of rewards in the classroom
TATE Volume 25, Number 6, ISSN 0742-051X Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In the past four decades much research has gone into the use of rewards in education yet little attention has been given to the use of rewards from the perspective of teachers. This mixed method study examined how elementary school teachers define and use rewards in their classrooms and how various motivational constructs such as goal orientation, self-efficacy, and autonomy relate to teachers' use of rewards. Results revealed that all teachers in our sample use some form of rewards in their classrooms and the majority use some form of tangible rewards. Rewards were most frequently given for behaviour management, but there was a significant relationship between the use of rewards for behaviour and those given for academic achievement. Performance goal orientations for teaching were positively related to the use of tangible rewards and a higher degree of classroom control and negatively related to teacher self-efficacy. When asked to report on the appropriateness of using rewards in the classroom only one-third of the teachers reported that they should be used conditionally.
Hoffmann, K.F., Huff, J.D., Patterson, A.S. & Nietfeld, J.L. (2009). Elementary teachers' use and perception of rewards in the classroom. Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, 25(6), 843-849. Elsevier Ltd.
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