Horizontal inequalities in children’s educational outcomes in Ethiopia
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 39, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
We go beyond previous studies of vertical inequality in Ethiopia, by investigating ethnic group-based, or horizontal, educational inequality. Currently, there are no known studies of differential schooling patterns across cultural groups in Ethiopia. The research draws on the Young Lives prospective longitudinal study of 929 children in later childhood. We investigate the extent to which ethnic group differences in schooling participation and progression can be explained by individual differences in socio-economic status. The findings show that poor educational participation and progression remain challenges for certain minority ethnic groups. Household wealth helps to explain the effect of ethnicity on educational outcomes. However, it cannot fully account for the ethnic gap. We conclude that conventional research, which emphasizes addressing individual differences in educational outcomes, or vertical inequalities, may downplay the role of cultural group-based inequalities in children's opportunities to learn.
Tesfay, N. & Malmberg, L.E. (2014). Horizontal inequalities in children’s educational outcomes in Ethiopia. International Journal of Educational Development, 39(1), 110-120. Elsevier Ltd.