A qualitative study of the current transformation to rural village early childhood in China: Retrospect and prospect
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 33, Number 4, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
By far, literature regarding Chinese early childhood education and care (ECEC) has primarily focused on Youeryuan in urban settings. Youeryuan is the everyday Chinese term used for ECEC programs serving children ages three to six, which does include the U.S. version of the kindergarten year. This paper will refer to Youeryuan rather than the Western definitions of preschool or kindergarten so as to maintain authenticity. Furthermore, this paper will focus on the history and development of rural Youeryuan based on a qualitative study of the government-owned, privately operated Youeryuan that represent the current reform initiatives in early childhood in China. Through teacher and administrator interviews, onsite observations using ECERS-R, and school documents, the lead author immersed herself in rural Youeryuan as part of a larger ethnographic study in China in the midst of economic and educational transformations. The findings of this study revealed themes related to increased government investment, improved school policies, the lack of instructional materials, curriculum and instruction issues, local government support for professional development, administrative support for instruction, and the need for mentoring for teachers.
Hu, B.Y. & Roberts, S.K. (2013). A qualitative study of the current transformation to rural village early childhood in China: Retrospect and prospect. International Journal of Educational Development, 33(4), 316-324. Elsevier Ltd.