Privatization and school practices: Evidence from Seoul’s high school choice policy
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 62, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In Korea, private schools are publicly operated due to a high level of governmental control and subsidy over them. However, with the start of a high school choice program in 2010, the Seoul Local Education Authority privatized a significant proportion of publicly-run private schools by granting them greater autonomy over school operations and curriculum and by making their budget depend on their student enrollments. This study examines how private high schools changed their practices in expenditures, curriculum, and personnel after they became privatized. Evidence suggests that privatization significantly increases schools’ per-pupil expenditures, especially for academic activities. In addition, findings indicate that privatization increases schools’ instructional time for Korean and math while reducing time for social studies. Finally, findings suggest that, on average, schools hire teachers with fewer years of teaching experience after they became privatized.
Kim, Y. (2018). Privatization and school practices: Evidence from Seoul’s high school choice policy. International Journal of Educational Development, 62(1), 322-332. Elsevier Ltd.