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Gender differences in intra-household educational expenditures in Malaysia
ARTICLE

International Journal of Educational Development Volume 46, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

Abstract

Prior studies examining the apparent reduction of the gender gap in education in Malaysia have been based on the gross enrolment rates. This study examines whether there are significant gender differentials in intra-household educational expenditures in Malaysia and whether gender differences vary by ethnicity or geographical region by using the Engel curve framework and the Hurdle model. There is little evidence of gender bias in Malaysia. The findings suggest that while there are no significant gender differences in intra-household educational expenditures nationally, these do exist in some regions, for the 5 to 9 and 10 to 14 age groups. Such differences typically occur once children are enrolled in school. There is evidence of a significant pro-female gap for Bumiputera children ages 15 to 19.

Citation

Kenayathulla, H.B. (2016). Gender differences in intra-household educational expenditures in Malaysia. International Journal of Educational Development, 46(1), 59-73. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved November 14, 2019 from .

This record was imported from International Journal of Educational Development on January 28, 2019. International Journal of Educational Development is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.10.007

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