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Curriculum Rhythm and HPE Practice: Making Sense of a Complex Relationship


Teachers and Curriculum Volume 14, Number 1,


In this paper we suggest that official curriculum statements provide a relatively modest influence on the emergence of Health and Physical Education (HPE) in school settings and that not enough attention is paid to the other factors that influence curriculum practice in schools. We argue that while the perspectives of teachers may reflect the conceptions and philosophies of particular national curriculum documents, there are a variety of agents and discursive elements operating at the level of curriculum practice that influence how teachers in secondary school situations perform in the subject area of Physical Education. The metaphor of music is used as the basis for conceptualising curriculum as a complex emergent practice resulting from the interplay of many different elements operating at multiple levels of the education system. In particular, we identify four "rhythms", that of health, criticality, biculturalism, and technology, that contribute to giving New Zealand Physical Education and performance of HPE in schools a unique style and character.


Bowes, M. & Ovens, A. (2014). Curriculum Rhythm and HPE Practice: Making Sense of a Complex Relationship. Teachers and Curriculum, 14(1), 21-27. Retrieved December 3, 2023 from .

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