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Hybrid E-Textbooks as Comprehensive Interactive Learning Environments

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Interactive Learning Environments Volume 26, Number 4, ISSN 1049-4820


An e-TextBook can serve as an interactive learning environment (ILE), facilitating more effective teaching and learning processes. In this paper, we propose the novel concept of an EPUB 3-based Hybrid e-TextBook, which allows for interaction between the digital and the physical world. In that regard, we first investigated the gap between the expectations of teachers with respect to e-TextBook functionalities, on the one hand, and the ILE functionalities offered by e-TextBooks, on the other hand. Next, together with teachers, we co-designed and developed prototype EPUB 3-based Hybrid e-TextBooks that make it possible to connect their learning content to smart devices in classrooms, leveraging both digital publishing and Semantic Web tools. Based on experimentation with our prototype Hybrid e-TextBooks, we can argue that a semantically enriched EPUB 3-based Hybrid e-TextBook is able to act as a comprehensive ILE, providing the tools needed by teachers in smart classrooms. Furthermore, expert observations and Smiley o'meter results demonstrate an effective impact on student cognition and motivation.


Ghaem Sigarchian, H., Logghe, S., Verborgh, R., de Neve, W., Salliau, F., Mannens, E., Van de Walle, R. & Schuurman, D. (2018). Hybrid E-Textbooks as Comprehensive Interactive Learning Environments. Interactive Learning Environments, 26(4), 486-505. Retrieved April 15, 2021 from .

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