The effect of e-mail and WhatsApp on Jordanian EFL learners' paraphrasing and summarizing skills
Ruba Bataineh, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan ; Kafa Bani Khalaf, Abdallah Baniabdelrahman, Yarmouk University
IJEDICT Volume 14, Number 3, ISSN 1814-0556 Publisher: Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies
This study examines the potential effect of an eight-week e-mail- and WhatsApp-based instructional treatment on 45 Jordanian EFL tenth-grade students' paraphrasing and summarizing skills. Three instruments were used for data collection: a pre-test, a post-test, and an interview schedule. The findings reveal statistically significant differences (at α= 0.05) in the participants’ mean scores on the post-test in favor of those in the WhatsApp group, combined e-mail and WhatsApp group, and e-mail group, respectively. The findings also reveal that the treatment has a significantly higher effect of on paraphrasing than on summarizing. Several pedagogical implications and recommendations are put forth.
Bataineh, R., Bani Khalaf, K. & Baniabdelrahman, A. (2018). The effect of e-mail and WhatsApp on Jordanian EFL learners' paraphrasing and summarizing skills. International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, 14(3),. Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies.