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A Study of the Relationship between Gender and Online Social Presence

, Northern Arizona University, United States ; , Old Dominion University, United States ; , Northern Arizona University, United States

IJOPCD Volume 1, Number 3, ISSN 2155-6873 Publisher: IGI Global


CMC has been considered a “democratizing” technology; however, research indicates that CMC does not automatically result in social equality, and points to the importance of social and cultural factors surrounding the adoption of technology. Research suggests that CMC may impose a disadvantage to females, demonstrating lower levels of social presence. This study assesses the predictive relationship between gender and online social presence. A total of 395 graduate students participated by responding to the Computer-Mediated Communication Questionnaire. Quantitative research designs and analyses were applied. This study concluded that online social presence is not related to gender; therefore, gender cannot serve as an effective predictor for online social presence. A female’s online social presence can be as high as a male’s. Effective strategies to improve online social presence for both genders are suggested. Additionally, this study raises the importance on gender equity in emerging social media.


Tu, C.H., Yen, C.J. & Blocher, M. (2011). A Study of the Relationship between Gender and Online Social Presence. International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design, 1(3), 33-49. IGI Global. Retrieved September 21, 2020 from .



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