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Massive Open Online Courses and Economic Sustainability

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European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning Volume 18, Number 2 ISSN 1027-5207


Millions of users around the world have registered on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) offered by hundreds of universities (and other organizations) worldwide. Creating and offering these courses costs thousands of pounds. However, at present, revenue generated by MOOCs is not sufficient to offset these costs. The sustainability of MOOCs is a pressing concern as they incur not only upfront creation costs but also maintenance costs to keep content relevant, as well as on-going facilitation support costs while a course is running and re-running. At present, charging a fee for certification seems to be a popular business model adopted by leading platform providers.


Liyanagunawardena, T.R., Lundqvist, K.O. & Williams, S.A. Massive Open Online Courses and Economic Sustainability. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 18(2), 95-111. Retrieved November 26, 2020 from .

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