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Pictures, Audio, and Print: Symbolic Representation and Effect on Learning
ARTICLE

ECTAJTRD Volume 30, Number 3, ISSN 0148-5806

Abstract

Studies whether presentations by an iconic system (pictures) or a linguistic system (print or audio) aid learning. Tests given fourth-to-sixth graders showed alternation between systems, using each to assimilate information. Learning was not as effective when content differed between the systems and this information was presented simultaneously (visual plus audio). (Author/JJD)

Citation

Nugent, G.C. (1982). Pictures, Audio, and Print: Symbolic Representation and Effect on Learning. Educational Communication and Technology: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Development, 30(3), 163. Retrieved December 1, 2021 from .

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