The Impact of High-Speed Internet Connectivity at Home on Eighth-Grade Student Achievement
Kent J. Kingston, University of Nebraska at Omaha, United States
University of Nebraska at Omaha . Awarded
In the fall of 2008 Westside Community Schools – District 66, in Omaha, Nebraska implemented a one-to-one notebook computer take home model for all eighth-grade students. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a required yearlong one-to-one notebook computer program supported by high-speed Internet connectivity at school on (a) English, (b) math, (c) reading, (d) science, and (e) composite score norm-referenced EXPLORE achievement test scores, District's Criterion-Referenced Descriptive Writing Assessment scores, and classroom performance grade point average (GPA) scores for the core subjects (a) English, (b) science, (c) social studies, and (d) cumulative GPA scores of eighth-grade students who do not have high-speed Internet connectivity at home (n = 19) compared to eighth-grade students eligible (n = 19) and not eligible (n = 19) for free and reduced price lunch program participation who do have high-speed Internet connectivity at home. The results of this study support the implementation of a one-to-one notebook computer program as a systematic intervention to improve student achievement. Furthermore, all within group pretest-posttest gains and between group posttest-posttest equipoise demonstrated that the achievement gap between students eligible and students not eligible for free or reduced price lunch participation with or without high-speed Internet connectivity at home had been mitigated through participation in the school-wide one-to-one notebook computer program. While the one-to-one notebook eighth-grade computer program in this study may not be singled out solely for between group posttest equipoise causality, its inclusion as a fundamental academic programmatic component of this middle school's curriculum should be considered as a contributing factor.
Kingston, K.J. The Impact of High-Speed Internet Connectivity at Home on Eighth-Grade Student Achievement. Ph.D. thesis, University of Nebraska at Omaha.
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