Technology implementation in education—identifying barriers to fidelity
William J. Dennis, Daniel L. Johnson, Arla K. Monroe, Saint Louis University, United States
Saint Louis University . Awarded
This report describes a problem-based learning project focused on determining the barriers to the implementation of technological innovations. Research findings offered evidence that properly executed technology implementation is an instructional variable related to student achievement; yet, school district leaders are faced with the problem of recognizing and identifying the barriers to implementation of technological innovations.
In order to address this issue, the project team conducted interviews with educational technology directors. The interview protocol was based on the Integrated Learning Systems Configuration Matrix developed by Mills and Ragan and influenced further by the research of Gene Hall. The interviews were used to determine the respondent's perceptions regarding effective practices related to educational technology implementation. By analyzing the interview data, the project team identified eight technology implementation themes, including: Professional Development, How Innovations are Initiated, Use of Instructional Coaches, Pilot Programs, Communication , Budget Constraints, and Student Achievement. The project report describes those practices related to effective technology implementation.
The project team's analysis of technology director interviews determined the eight barriers to successful implementation can be defined by three fundamental principles: Use of Best Practice, Knowledge of Process, and Organizational Culture.
Finally, the report includes recommendations to those who implement technology in schools. These recommendations address: adjustments in Professional Development models, the involvement of technology directors in the decision making process, following state recommendations for the number of Instructional Technology Coaches, limiting the number of ongoing innovations being implemented, the use of formal pilot programs, ensuring communication plans are put in place, and limiting budgets to ensure quality implementations.
Dennis, W.J. Technology implementation in education—identifying barriers to fidelity. Ph.D. thesis, Saint Louis University.
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