A study of factors that influence experienced teachers in grades kindergarten through five to integrate computer technology into the teaching and learning process
Doss Charles Bradford, Oregon State University, United States
Oregon State University . Awarded
Although the public schools have spent billions of dollars on computer technology, only a few teachers are integrating them into their teaching. The purpose of this study was to determine barriers to the integration of computers into teaching and potential teaching strategies to encourage integration. Teachers (N = 122) from 14 elementary schools completed a questionnaire that assessed computer use. Nine experienced teachers representing different levels of computer use were then selected to participated in interviews that focused on barriers to the integration of computer technology into their teaching. Results indicate barriers exist in two broad areas: institutional limitations (i.e., equipment, training, support, and leadership) and legislative mandates (i.e., benchmarks and state tests). Teachers report a significant lack of computers available for students in the classroom and computer labs, a lack of training and knowledge of how to use software, and a lack of support and leadership at the district and building level. Overall, teachers perceive significant barriers to the integration of computer technology exist in the areas of equipment, training, support and leadership. The findings suggest that some school districts may fail to recognize the need to adequately provide teachers with the necessary external factors of equipment, training, support and leadership, and they may fail to consider the internal factors of perceived relevance, and self-competence that are essential for the integration of technology. The study may also suggest that school districts fail to account for educational reform measures, and their impact on teacher ability to integrate computers into the teaching and learning process. Results of this study may indicate that the interrelationship of the external and internal factors must be recognized and integrated when developing learning strategies for the training of integrating computer technology into the teaching and learning process.
Bradford, D.C. A study of factors that influence experienced teachers in grades kindergarten through five to integrate computer technology into the teaching and learning process. Ph.D. thesis, Oregon State University.
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