Multimedia training for employee optimism competencies: Confidence, control, self-awareness, and success
Maureen R. Steinwall, Capella University, United States
Capella University . Awarded
The level of a person's optimism has been linked to goal achievement; the higher the individual's level of optimism, the higher the individual's success in achieving goals. Prior research by Seligman (1998) suggested that optimism is learned. The training used in Seligman's research was instructor-led, action-oriented training. Will training using computerized multimedia segments also be effective? This research used treatment effectiveness quantitative methodology. The treatment was a multimedia course designed to increase a person's skills in the four optimism competencies: confidence, control, self-awareness, and success. The dependent variables were pre-survey and post-survey scores as measured by the Scheier, Carver, and Bridge's (1994) Life Orientation Test-Revised, and the Dember, Martin, Hummer, Howe, and Melton's (1989) Optimism Pessimism Instrument (OPI). The experiment clearly rejected the null hypothesis when the scores from both instruments were combined and analyzed using the paired t-test.
Steinwall, M.R. Multimedia training for employee optimism competencies: Confidence, control, self-awareness, and success. Ph.D. thesis, Capella University.
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